Designer Dogs and “Glamorous Dogs”…
Guest post by Maria Kruk, an author for Species.com
The variety of dog breeds is in very deed amazing. However, it is not enough, as it turned out nearly a decade ago. Specifically, adventurous specialists started to introduce designer dogs, or deliberate crossing of two purebred parents of different breeds to produce a hybrid that inherits the best qualities of both parents and generally has a funny name. People got used to designer clothing, luxury cars and fabulous houses.
So, why dogs cannot be a part of such a glam?
Poodles were the first breeds crossed with others. In particular, the very first designer dog to appear was a labradoodle– hybrid of a poodle and a Labrador Retriever, as one could guess.
*By the way, names of new breeds appear to be a shortcut of traditional names. It is a nice way to distinguish new dog species, as the number of possible variations is
unlikely to estimate exactly.
In contrast, not all of them happen to possess low allergen response, acceptable appearance and vital immunity characteristics. That is a reverse side of the medal – making hybrids does not always lead to successful results. In this case, breeding of designer dogs might cause some “genetic trash”. Professional canine organizations do not approve the work on hybridization, because indiscriminate crossbreeding increases the amount of genetic debris, and it is also often a subtle mockery of animals in hands of an amateur breeder.
Nonetheless, let’s get back to designer dogs’ breeds. Some of them have already gained popularity among Hollywood stars and other celebrities: fabulous pets for fabulous people, so to say. For example, Jake Gyllenhaal and Uma Thurman have puggles (Pug and Beagle hybrids), and Jessica Simpson does not hesitate to pose with her Maltipoo (Maltese terrier and Poodle cross) in a special Louis Vuitton bag.
Sometimes names of the breeds became really puzzled and it is hard to define origin of the hybrid. Among the weirdest ones can find Chug (Chihuahua and Pug), Maltalier (Maltese and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel), Yorkie Pin (Yorkshire Terrier and Miniature Pinscher), etc.
Demand on designer dogs increases constantly. In fact, American Canine Hybrid Club registers about 500 designer dogs every month. In some cases dog handlers truly strive to get a new canine breed, but mostly it becomes a way to make a pretty pot of money. Breeders are eager to use new dogs’ fashion instead of serve scientific purposes. On this account, designer dogs’ trend has faced both strong support and lots of critics. Enthusiastic canine handlers believe dog hybrids are stronger, than common dog species. On the contrary, opponents draw attention for the need of caution when breeding, as offspring can easily inherit diseases and conditions peculiar to both parents.
All in all, crossing hybrids is an unpredictable and uncertain process.